Branislav Kolarovszki, Július De Riggo, Peter Ďurdík, Hana Kolarovszká, Martin Benčo
Hydrocephalus is the condition that develops as a consequence of cerebrospinal fluid cumulating in intracranial space. It is due to impairment of production, flow or resorbtion of cerebrospinal fluid. In pathogenesis of neonatal and paediatric hydrocephalus the volume changes of cerebrospinal fluid, pathways and cerebral tissue, changes of intracranial pressure and compliance, alteration of cerebral circulation, metabolic changes and secondary impairment of white matter and cerebral cortex play the role. The new knowledge of hydrocephalus pathophysiology and its using in clinical practice give the base for appropriate management of paediatric hydrocephalus.