The important part of newborn screening is also hearing evaluation. Till now the examination of newborn hearing was practiced by behavioural tests during the periodical check-ins at a first contact paediatrician. It has been changed to the method of the objective non-invasive screening evaluation of newborn hearing with otoacoustic emissions (OAE) yet in maternity hospital. The author explains an importance, principle, algorithm of evaluations and ways of intervention of a found hearing disorder. The aim is to inform about the new defined rules of Pan-Slovakia hearing screening of all newborns. The cooperation in diagnosing hearing disorder as well as its early therapy is necessary to avoid speak and psychic retardation of a child.