Vladimír Zoľák, Slavomír Nosáľ, Marián Fedor, Blanka Hodrušská
Monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) has been used for decades in the fields of neurosurgery and neurology. Normal levels of ICP will depend on the age and position of the child during monitoring. Indications for ICP measurement are described for children with traumatic brain injury, hemorrhage, brain edema, infection and, shunt insertion or malfunction. Assessment of ICP is essential in the management of acute intracranial catastrophe to limit or actively reduce ICP. There are multiple techniques: invasive as well as noninvasive. This paper aims to provide an overview of the advantages and disadvantages of the most common and well-known ultrasonographic noninvasive methods with regard to their clinical potential.