Tomáš Strachan, Peter Ferenc, Jaroslav Fábry, Peter Bánovčin
Regurgitation and vomiting are the most common symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in infancy. The highest
incidence of symptoms of GER occurs around the fourth month of life. In the first year of life, the majority of registered
reflux spontaneously disappears. GER is a normal physiologic process, but only in the absence of failure to thrive, accompanied
symptoms or complications. In that case, we describe it as GERD. Both terms are clearly defined, and it is
important to distinguish between them, because they require different management. The diagnosis of GERD in children
based on clinical presentation only is not always easy. This review article provides an insight into the issues of GERD
with a focus on its manifestation in different age periods.