Daniela Miklovičová, Oľga Červeňová, Zuzana Lysá
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the second most frequent reason for acute hospital admissions in infants. They
frequently recur and are a significant risk factor for renal scarring, hypertension and chronic kidney disease. The risk
factors for UTIs in infancy have been well described, most of them cannot be influenced actively. There are recommendations
for secondary UTI prevention. As of now, it is not clear how to prevent initial UTIs. This review discusses the data
on potential protective factors which could prevent UTIs in infancy by influencing perineal flora.