Barbora Turlíková, Ján Mikler
Bile is a digestive juice formed in the liver. The bile is transported via intrahepatic and extrahepatic routes from biliary
pole of hepatocytes into the intestine, where it is involved in the digestion of fats. It stores and concentrates in the
gall bladder. Diseases of the gall bladder and biliary tract are rather exceptional and often asymptomatic in children. It
is necessary to think of them, for example, in jaundice, sudden abdominal incidents, abnormal laboratory parameters,
in particular the increased serum concentration of conjugated and unconjugated bilirubin, bile acids, increased activity
of the aminotransferases. Visual evaluation helps to contribute to diagnostics. The treatment may be conservative
or surgical, sometimes the liver transplantation is required.