Milan Kuchta, Zlatica Ďurošková
Introduction: Maternal milk is considered to be a dynamic complex of biological fluid, containing a wide range of different
types of proteins, lipids and carbohydrates and other biologically active substances. It is generally assumed,
that the milk composition is specifically adapted to the individual matrices to meet the requirements of their newborn.
In connection with this adaptation and the dynamic change, physicians and scientists have become the third largest
component of human breast milk for human milk oligosaccharides (human milk oligosaccharides – HMO).
Context: The thesis deals with the historical aspect of the development of knowledge about HMO functions, their chemical
classification, prebiotic effect, HMO functions, direct impact on the immune system of the infant.
Conclusion: Respecting the individual nutritional requirements of each child, is very important, because only in the
long run it is possible to avoid the origin or the development of a variety of diseases, e.g. called „civilizations diseases”.
change, physicians and scientists have been the third largest component of human breast milk for human milk oligosaccharides
(human milk oligosaccharides – HMO).