Pavel Šiarnik, Helena Wágnerová, Zuzana Čarnická, Lucia Krížová, Stanislav Šutovský, Branislav Kollár, Peter Turčáni
Vascular diseases are the most common cause of mortality and the most common cause of long-term disability worldwide. The onset of vascular disease is sudden and often comes without warning. The 50-year-old person has 40-50 % lifelong risk of vascular disease. Despite the beneficial effects of current primary and secondary prevention, we are still not able to prevent 60-70 % of vascular diseases. Detection of asymptomatic individuals at high risk is essential for early prevention and reduction of vascular morbidity and mortality. Multiple questionnaires allow determination of vascular risk. Methods aimed to evaluate the subclinical atherosclerosis are also beneficial.