Peter Krcho, Kamila Ilgová, Iveta Fandáková
Objective: Monitoring of the incidence of early or late neonatal infections is one of the most important method to evaluate the effectiveness of the preventive intervention in neonatal intensive care units. Methods: Analysis of the incidence of infection complications in newborns treated in neonatal intensive care unit during the period of 24 month. Every infection complication was selected as early or late, with positive or negative blood culture. Results: It was 732 newborns in the study, all together 657 blood cultures were analysed in all newborns with increased risk for infection complications. The incidence of early neonatal infections was in 2.2 percent of cases, the incidence of late infections was in 9.3 % of cases. The number of verified late neonatal infection decreased from 10.7 in 2008 to 7.9 percent in 2009. Conclusion: After the implementation of preventive interventions for late infections it is good to analyse and verify the infection complications with serial evaluation of the clinical condition, confirmation of the infection and haemoculture sampling. The implemented preventive interventions could cause decrease of the incidence of late gram-negative neonatal infections in 2009 compared with the incidence in 2008, but the analysed groups need further and more detailed evaluation.