Jozef Šuvada, Michaela Mečiaková, Zuzana Kalavská, Dária Horváthová, Andrea Kalavská, Emília Kaiserová, Vladimír Krčméry
More than two decades have passed since this devastating infection caused by HIV (Human Imunodeficiency Virus) was first identified. We have come from the time when no diagnosis could be made and there was no treatment, to the era when the development of multiple therapeutic agents are commonplace. Foremost amongst these accomplishments is our ability to prevent mother to child transmission of HIV infection, resulted in decreasing of vertical infections. HIV-infected newborns and adolescents represent a unique population requiring specialized medical and psychosocial HIV care. Perinatally infected adolescents battle with chronic disease with unique issues and challenges for health care workers. This item discusses hallmarks of this infection in the time of increase in number of new diagnoses, especially in group of adolescents.