Mikuláš Redecha, Juraj Drobný, Karol Holomáň
Myomas are the most common benign tumours of the uterus. Their incidence is not exactly known but several authors list their incidence up to 33 ‒ 50 % of women in fertile age. In the past two decades, we have experienced increase in their incidence. This is associated mostly with the better diagnostics of these tumours even in asymptomatic women. The imaging examinations are used to prove the clinical suspicion of the myoma and as differential diagnostics of the enlarged uterus. Ultrasound examination belongs, together with the patient’s history and vaginal examination, to the basic examinations in cases of uterine myoma suspicion. Its introduction in the diagnostics algorithm of the uterine myoma meant cardinal breakthrough in the diagnostics of the uterine myomas. In the last few years, combination of ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging has been used as a therapeutic option for uterine myomas.