Epilepsy and epileptic syndromes in childhood are classified according to the prognosis in the survey. Epileptic encephalopaties are syndromes with unfavorable prognosis, their character depends on age, they are pharmacoresistent and they are always linked with mental defect. They include early myoclonic epilepsy, Ohtahar, West, Lennox-Gastaut, Dravet, Landau-Kleffner syndrome and epilepsy with continual discharge in slow sleep. (CSWS). Epilepsy with favorable prognosis is characterized by short uniform seizures, partial or generalized in children with normal intelligence, with good respond to therapy and that disappear in adolescence. They include benign partial epilepsies (with occipital or centrotemporal points), children absences, Doose syndrome and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Basic clinical and electrographic characteristics of particular syndromes, therapy and prognosis are described.