Branislav Kollár, Petra Keményová, Pavel Šiarnik, Lucia Krížová, Zuzana Čarnická, Zoltán Goldenberg, Katarína Klobučníková
In the first part of the contribution on the genetic aspects of epilepsy the authors analyzed mainly the etiology of epilepsy and dealt with the monogenic epileptic syndromes. This second part is dedicated to the characterization of idiopathic generalized epilepsy and partial epilepsy. Although genetic studies in the recent years helped with the definition of new epileptic syndromes, there is still much unknown ahead of us: a great number of genes responsible for the common epileptic syndromes have still not been identified; moreover, we are still not able to explain what is the exact trigger of the epileptic seizure in many particular cases and what are the exact mechanisms of eliciting specific clinical symptoms by certain mutations in that particular patient, and many other. A further progress in this field in the future should not only enable finding answers to many contemporarily promoted and unanswered questions, but also logically lead to the improvement of care for patients with this seizure disorder.