Alena Pidaničová, Radoslav Remeta, Marek Pytliak, Mária Tajtáková
Aim: The aim of this article is to evaluate the relationship between diet and prostate cancer. Material and methods: The authors review the current literature on dietary factors in prostate cancer development and progression. They discuss the biological effects of vitamins, minerals and other chemical substances in dietary components. Results: The struggle against cancer is one of the greatest challenges of mankind. It has been estimated that 30-40 % of all kinds of cancer can be prevented with a healthy lifestyle and diet. It is supposed that diet rich in some vegetable such as tomatoes, broccoli, legumes, mainly soya, but also nuts, flaxseed, specific kind of fruit and mikronutrients, exhibits protective effect on prostate. In contrast, diet typical for „western life style“, rich in fat, red meat, a high intake of milk and dairy products as well, shows possible procarcinogenous impact. Conclusion: Undoubtedly diet can influence our health. Large clinical randomized studies are needed to provide more data about effect of particular dietary components and supplements in prostate cancer development and progression.