Within the last several decades, many advances have been made in the field of gynaecologic surgery. Specifically, both laparoscopy and hysteroscopy have provided patients with minimally invasive procedures for treatment of conditions previously thought to require laparotomy. Regardless of the nature of the procedure, the proximity of the female reproductive tract to the urinary tract, bowel, nerves, and pelvic vasculature put these structures at risk for injury during surgery. Postoperative complications frequently result from the health condition of a patient. This article presents the intraoperative and postoperative complications most commonly encountered during gynaecologic surgery and reviews strategies for both prevention and management.