Martina Ondrušová1,2,3, Veronika Šťastná4, Dalibor Ondruš5
Introduction and objectives: Bladder cancer is a major problem in oncourology; in 2007 it was on the 5th place (in males) and 15th place (in females) on the scale of all malignancies in the Slovak Republic. The aim of this study was to analyse trends in incidence, mortality and development of clinical stages of this disease in Slovakia and to compare these trends with other countries. Results: The analysis of standardized incidence progress according to join-point regression in men is showing 5 break points with a changing trend, while since 2000 up to the last statistically processed year 2007 it showed a continual increase with APC 2.61 annually (p = 0.01). In females the increasing trend of incidence has been recorded since 1968, with APC 2.08. Mortality in men has had a decreasing trend by APC -2.13 since 1987, however in women we have observed an increase by APC 0.86. In both sexes there is also recorded an increase in the number of diseases in localized clinical stages. Conclusion: Recent trends in the incidence of the disease in both sexes and in women even in mortality probably reflect the effect of various risk factors, especially changes in smoking prevalence.