Jaroslav Beck1, Tatiana Baltesová2, Ľuboš Tešľa1, Štefan Hulík3, Erik Tóth3, Vincent Nagy1, Ladislav Valanský1, Ľuboslav Beňa2, Peter Závacký3
Objective: The aim of our study was to analyse the occurrence of urological complications and urinary tract infections in patients after kidney transplantation. Material and methods: It is a single centre analysis of 177 patients who received their kidney graft during years 2009-2011. The median age of the kidney transplant recipients was 47.5 years. The length of follow up was 24 months. Results: 20.9 % of patients had at least one episode of acute pyelonephritis. Interestingly, almost all episodes occurred in the first year after kidney transplantation. Klebsiella was the most frequent uropathogen. Stenosis of ureterovesical anastomosis requiring ureteral neoimplantation was diagnosed in 9 patients. Other serious postransplant complications included: severe bleeding with surgical revision (13 patients), haematuria (5 patients) and renal artery stenosis (3 patients). Conclusion: The most common non-immunologic complications after kidney transplantation are infections and surgical complications. Their prevalence in our group corresponds with current literature data.