Svetlana Bodíková, Miroslav Malík
Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are two clinical presentations of venous thromboembolism, a disease with high incidence. Most cases of pulmonary embolism are secondary to deep vein thrombosis. Pulmonary embolism is lethal in 1-8 % of cases. For the afore-mentioned reason, a prompt diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis is required. Diagnostic algorithm including assessment of clinical probability, D-dimer testing and venous ultrasonography appears to be effective in establishing of a correct diagnosis and starting of a proper treatment.