M. Ňachajová, T. Bielik, A. Gondová, E. Kúdela, J. Višňovský, P. Žúbor, J. Danko
Endometrial cancer is one of the most common malignancies in women genital organs,
with the highest incidence in Central and Western Europe. Known risk factors
include obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. The current method of screening is especially
endometrial ultrasound followed by an endometrial biopsy. In the past, the
main investigative method was cervical dilatation and curettage of the uterine cavity.
Several studies confirmed the accuracy of the method to be limited by a large number
of false-negative results. Development leads to a minimally invasive examination
such as endometrial biopsy, vaginal ultrasonographic examination and hysteroscopy.
A simple scoring system has already proved very efficient in changing the diagnostic
process for ovarian cancer, and there is no reason to assume this could not also
be in case of diagnosis of endometrial cancer.