Barbora Desatová, Andrea Fojtová, Marian Bátovský
Enteral nutrition is a natural form of food intake, digestion and absorption of nutrients and energy intake and it is the nutritional treatment of choice. Its considerable advantage in comparison with the parenteral nutrition is bowel nutrition. The immunomodulatory components of enteral nutrition have a positive influence on the physiological intestinal environment, intestinal barrier function, the prevention of villous atrophy, the improvement of the antioxidative state, and it also stimulates the intestinal motility and gastrointestinal hormone secretion. And finally the enteral nutrition is cheaper and has less and easier complications in comparison with parenteral nutrition.