Milan Šudák, Juraj Bober, Jozef Radoňak, Eduard Veseliny, Mikuláš Kička
Endoscopy, like all invasive procedures, carries significant potential risks for the patient. Diagnostic and therapeutic esophagogastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography are specialized procedures that require sufficient experience to avoid the complications. With the growing use of therapeutic endoscopic procedures, complications that were uncommonly seen following diagnostic endoscopy occur more frequently. Having experience and skills many complications may be avoided and others successfully managed. Early recognition of complications and prompt intervention may minimize patient morbidity. This review provides the incidence, recognition and treatment of complications that may occur after esophagogastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.