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Časopis Internal medicine – Článok Neuroendocrine tumours of gastro-entero-pancreatic tract, clinical manifestations and diagnostics

Internal medicine

Peer - Reviewed Postgraduate Medical Journal.
Period 11x per year (july - august double issue)
1335-8359
The journal is indexed in the Slovak National Bibliography, Bibliographiia Medica Slovaca (BMS) and listed to citation database CiBaMed. All articles are reviewed. The publisher does not bear any responsibility for data and opinions of particular authors of the articles or advertisements. The articles on grey pages are company promotions or non reviewed information, an author is responsible for the content. Any reproduction of the content is allowed only with direct consent of the editorial office.
Predplatné
Internal medicine
Internal medicine
Peer - Reviewed Postgraduate Medical Journal.
Period 11x per year (july - august double issue)
Téma: Overview works

Neuroendocrine tumours of gastro-entero-pancreatic tract, clinical manifestations and diagnostics

Peter Hyrdel, Ivan Režňák, Mária Hladká, Rudolf Hyrdel

Despite their diversity and variety of their clinical presentations Neuroendocrine Tumours of Gastro-Entero-Pancreatic Tract (GEP NET) are fascinating not only for clinicians but also for many physicians and clinical investigators. Their various clinical presentations depend on tumour functionality. That is on their ability to reproduce and to release biologically active substances. For the sake of their multiform clinical manifestation patients are often monitored by professionals from various clinical disciplines and they can have determined a lot of incorrect diagnoses just on the basis of rich symptomatology. Therefore time to a correct diagnosis lasts 5-7 years on average. GEP NETs can occur also hereditary, but most of tumours occur sporadically. Within last 30 years NET incidence has increased five times. The most useful diagnostic marker is Chromogranin A, because it is a universal marker almost for all GEP NETs. Determination of hydroxyl-indol acetic acid (5-HIAA/5-HIOK) and neuronspecific enolase is also useful. As the most sensitive and specific imaging method for pancreas and stomach NETs we consider endoscopic ultrasound: of a significant importance is also Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy, but also CT, MRI, PET/CT and stimulation arterial tests. Most GEP-NETs are relatively indolent in growth but ultimately with a significant malignant potential. Only complete surgical tumour resection can be considered as curative. In advanced stages of highly differentiated NE carcinomas with metastases the method of choice is bio-therapy with Somatostatin analogues. It is highly effective but its main advantage is that it is well tolerated in general. Regional radiotherapies and systemic chemo-radiotherapies are reserved for badly differentiated NETs in advanced stages. Recently, new kinds of therapies are available for patients. It is so-called targeted (to SSP receptors) radiotherapy. This overview is focused on clinical symptoms, diagnostics, localization and management of GEP NETs. Its aim is to point out to symptoms and laboratory investigations which will ease and accelerate right diagnosis stating.

Interná med. 2011; 11 (6): 274-283
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CHAIRMAN OF THE EDITORIAL BOARD
prof. MUDr. Ivica Lazúrová, CSc. FRCP

REPRESENTATIVE OF CHAIRMAN
prof. MUDr. Juraj Payer, CSc., FRCP

MEMBERS OF THE EDITORIAL BOARD
doc. MUDr. Viera Fábryová, CSc.
MUDr. Viera Fedelešová, CSc.
prof. MUDr Martin Haluzík, CSc.
prof. MUDr. Štefan Hrušovský, CSc. Dr.SVS.
prof. MUDr. Rudolf Hyrdel, CSc.
doc. MUDr. Oľga Jurkovičová, CSc.
doc. MUDr. Zdenko Killinger, PhD.
doc. MUDr. Soňa Kiňová, PhD.
prof. MUDr. Peter Mitro, PhD.
doc. MUDr. Viliam Mojto, CSc., MHA
prof. MUDr. Karel Pacák, DrSc.
prof. MUDr. Juraj Payer, CSc., FRCP
doc. MUDr. Ján Podoba, CSc.
prof. MUDr. Igor Riečanský, DrSc.
doc. MUDr. Ján Staško, PhD.
doc. MUDr. Mária Szántová, PhD.
prof. MUDr. Ivan Tkáč, PhD.

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
Eva Stachová
e-mail: stachova@amedi.sk 

GRAPHIC LAYOUT AND TYPESETTING
Lucia Vecseiová
e-mail: dtp@amedi.sk 

MARKETING MANAGER
Ing. Dana Lakotová
mobil: 0903 224 625
e-mail: marketing@amedi.sk

ECONOMY AND SUBSCRIPTIONS
Ing. Mária Štecková
telefón: 02/55 64 72 48
mobil: 0911 117 949
e-mail: ekonom@amedi.sk

PROFESSIONAL PROOFREADING
doc. MUDr. Mária Szántová, PhD.

LANGUAGE PROOFREADING
Mgr. Eva Doktorová

PROOFREADING OF ENGLISH TEXTS
Mgr. Jana Bábelová
SECTIONS

OVERVIEW PAPERS
The latest knowledge on disease and disease groups aetiology, pathogenesis, diagnoses and therapy. Maximum size is 7 pages (font size 12, line spacing 1.5) with maximum six pictures (graphs). In case of more extensive theme it is possible to divide the paper to several parts after agreement with editorial office. Write the article with emphasis on its practical usage for out-patient internists and general practitionrs.

CASE STUDY
Maximum extent is 7 pages. Structuring: summary, introduction, case study, discussion, conclusion, bibliography.

DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTICAL ALGORITHMS
Diagnosis and therapy processed into tables and schemes, with minimum text, with emphasis on conciseness and clarity.

MISCELLANEOUS
Reaction to overview articles, news in the field of diagnostics, therapy, trial results (maximum 3 pages), reports from professional events, abstracts from scientific work published abroad, not older than 1 year. Maximum extend is 1 page. Write the title of the paper in Slovak/Czech, authors, workplace, then title of the paper in English with full citation.

APPENDIX - GENERAL MEDICINE
Intersectional theme elaborated complexly, well-arranged, clear (extent up to 12 pages).


MANUSCRIPT ELABORATION

Write the paper on computer in any common text editor.
write full length of lines (do not use ENTER at the end of a line)
- do not arrange text into columns
- do not do page make-up, put tables at the end of the paper
- distinguish precisely numbers 1, 0 and letters l, O
- use always parentheses ( )
- explain abbreviations always when first used


MANUSCRIPT REQUIREMENTS

1. An accurate paper title, names and surnames of all authors including titles, authors` workplace. The first author address including the phone number, fax and e-mail address.

2. Summary - concise content summary in the extent maximum 10 lines (only at overview papers, case studies and Appendices - General Medicine). Write in 1st or 3rd person singular or plural (unify according the type of an article).

3. Key words - in the extent of 3-6 (only for overview papers and Appendices - General Medicine). 4. English translation: paper title, summary, key words (only at overview papers, and Appendices - General Medicine)

5. Text
If you insert pictures into a document, send also their original files in "jpg" format, create graphs in Excel and send also their original files. If you send photo documentation via post office, please, send just high-class originals. Mark each original by a number, under which it is mentioned in the text. Write in 1st or 3rd person singular or plural (unify according the type of an article).

6. Bibliography
Citations are numbered chronologically in bold, references in the text are stated by the number of citations in parentheses. Use maximum 20 citations.

Examples of citations:
1. Shaheen NJ, Crosby NA, Bozymski EM, et al. Is there publication bias in the reporting cancer risk in Barrett ́ esophagus? Gastroenterology 2000; 119: 333-338.
2. Stenestrand U, Wallentin L. Swedish Register of Cardiac Intensive Care (RIKS-HIA): Early statin treatment following acute myocardial infarction and 1-year survival. JAMA 2001; 285(4): 430-436.
3. LIPID Study Group. Prevention of cardiovascular events and death with pravastatin in patients with coronary heart disease and a broad range of initial cholesterol levels. N Engl J Med 1998; 339: 1349-1357.
4. Jurkovičová O, Spitzerová H, Cagáň S. Komorové arytmie a náhla srdcová smrť pri akútnom infarkte myokardu. Bratisl Lek Listy 1997; 98: 379-389.
5. Osborne BE. The electrocardiogram of the rat. In: Budden R, Detweiler DK, Zbinden G. The rat electrocardiogram in pharmacology and toxicology. Oxford: Pergamon Press 1981: 15-27.

Do not use dots after first names in citations. Do not use colon but dot after names of authors. Use semi-colon after the year of publishing, colon is before pages. If an author is one, two or three - it is necessary to state all. If there are more than three authors it is necessary to write first three and "et all", in Slovak and Czech citations "a spol.".

Due to publishing of autodidactic tests it is necessary to add 4 questions to your article and 4 answers with marking of one correct answer, e.g.: Which of following factors is not related to rosacea?
a. genetic predisposition
b. Scandinavian origin
c. propionibacterium acnes
d. endothelial growth factor


The editorial board reserves the right to make small stylistic changes in the paper. If it is necessary to shorten the paper, the consent of the author will be required. All articles are double reviewed.

All published papers are paid.

Due to practical focus of the journal we would like to ask you to write the paper comprehensively, with emphasis on practical use of provided information in out-
patient internists and general practitioners.


Send contributions in the e-mail to the address: stachova@amedi.sk
Period 11x per year (july - august double issue)
1335-8359
The journal is indexed in the Slovak National Bibliography, Bibliographiia Medica Slovaca (BMS) and listed to citation database CiBaMed. All articles are reviewed. The publisher does not bear any responsibility for data and opinions of particular authors of the articles or advertisements. The articles on grey pages are company promotions or non reviewed information, an author is responsible for the content. Any reproduction of the content is allowed only with direct consent of the editorial office.
Predplatné
Internal medicine
Internal medicine
Peer - Reviewed Postgraduate Medical Journal.
Period 11x per year (july - august double issue)