Juraj Krivuš, Ivana Dedinská, Stanislava Mikulová, Marián Mokáň
Clinical nutrition is typically associated with improvement of patient’s health. On the other hand, starvation is associated
with a number of pathophysiological changes in the body, which can elongate the duration of hospitalization
and increase the health complication of thetreated patient. These changes are related especially to basal metabolic
and energy processes in the body, as secretion of endocrine and exocrine glands, minerals, and cellular activity.
Uncontrolled feeding the risk patients (alcoholics, malnutrition patients, homeless, patient safter serious illness)
can lead to deepening of preexisting metabolic disorders resulting in worsening of clinical state and/or patient’s –
refeeding syndrome (RFS).