Martin Ďuriček, Peter Bánovčin jr., Táňa Haličková, Božena Ondrušová, Rudolf Hyrdel
Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are two related but at the same time independent
diseases which differ in risk factors, pathophysiology of emergence, treatment and prognosis. The prevalence
of LPR has been dramatically increasing for the last decades and attracted particular interdisciplinary attention.
LPR is considered to be one of the etiological factors participating in the development of laryngeal diseases
such as reflux laryngitis, granulomata, subglottic stenosis, laryngeal carcinoma but also respiratory, ENT or stomatological
diseases. Unlike GERD there is no adequate diagnostic tool available nowadays. LPR therapy has also typical
characteristics and effect of treatment is very low in comparison with GERD. As for the management, an interdisciplinary
approach to a patient plays a fundamental role since the exact specification of diagnosis enhances the chances for
a successful treatment.