Mária Ľuptáková, Martin Demeš, Gabriela Šebíková
The diet modifications in patients with renal disease are affected by many factors, including patient’s nutritional status, etiology of the renal disease, stage of chronic kidney disease, comorbid conditions and treatment methods. There is a different approach to patients with acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease. The goal of the renal diet is to achieve an adequate intake of calories, proteins, carbohydrates, fat and micronutrients. Optimal hydration, reduction in dietary sodium intake to prevent volume overload and hypertension, as well as the regulation of the intake of potassium, calcium and phosphor to prevent hyperkaliemia and correct disturbancies of Ca x P metabolism are a paramount.