Ivana Dedinská, Juraj Miklušica, Blažej Palkoci, Mazyar Fani, Ľudovít Laca
Kidney transplantation is a typical example of interdisciplinary problems that uses current knowledge of nephrology, urology, surgery, immunology and pathology. The purpose of kidney transplantation is full rehabilitation of patients and their return to full life. Kidney transplantation from a living donor has many advantages. Short-term and long-term graft survival is better in the case of kidney transplantation from a living donor, better compared to kidney transplant from a postmortem donor. Examination of the donor should be at least once done in the absence of a recipient. The most important premise for kidney donation is its voluntariness, implying a potential donor the right, at any time of his/her decision, to change or withdraw a kidney donation. The main objective evaluation of potential donors is to minimize risks of kidney donation and identify contraindications for donation.
Keywords: living kidney donor, kidney transplantation, risks of donation