Pavol Jarčuška, Lenka Balogová, Nataša Špiláková
The most common bacteria associated with infectious enteritis are Salmonella sp., Shigella sp., Yersinia enterocolitica, Campylobacter sp. and E. coli. Viral enteritis is caused by rotaviruses and Norwalk viruses. The most common parasites are Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lamblii. Infections due to Salmonella spp. are transmitted to humans from animals. The most common sources are eggs and thermally untreated meat products. There were 12 050 acute cases and 382 carriers of Salmonella spp. reported in Slovakia. The transmission of Yersinia spp. and Campylobacter spp. is described commonly in cold months. 2203 cases of infections caused by Campylobacter sp. were reported in the year 2005. Shigella spp. and viral enteritis are transmitted by faecal – oral route. There were 522 acute cases and 22 carriers of Shigella spp. reported in Slovakia. Infectious enteritis is mandatory reported in Slovak conditions. Resistance of the most common pathogens to antibiotics is another important problem.